CalciumCalcium: Fruit consumption has been shown to reduce net acid excretion (NAE) and urinary calcium excretion; compared to baseline, NAE increased after control treatment but decreased after fresh or processed apple treatment (p=0.041) (83). Calcium excretion increased with all treatments, but the increase was the least for fresh apple and applesauce (p=0.024).
GlucoseGlucose: In human research, the fiber in apples decreased blood glucose (29).
LipidsLipids: Consumption of apple fiber and gum arabic has been shown to lower total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in adults (81; 18).
The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.