Table of Contents > Alternative Modalities > Home gym Print

Home gym

Image

Also listed as: Elliptical machine, Stairmaster, Stationary bike, Treadmill
Related terms
Background
Theory/evidence
Safety
Author information
Bibliography

Related Terms
  • Body ball, climbing machines, elliptical cross trainers, elliptical fitness machines, elliptical gliders, ellipticals, gym ball, fitness balls, heart rate monitors, interval training, med balls, medicine balls, resistance bands, rowing machines, sports ball, stair climbing machines, Stairmaster®, Swiss balls, therapy ball, Thighmaster®, yoga ball.

Background
  • Aerobic exercise, such as walking and running, increases cardiovascular endurance. Anaerobic exercise, such as weight training and sprinting, does not affect cardiovascular endurance and increases muscles strength. Isometric exercise is a form of physical exercise in which the muscles flex and hold a stationary position. Stretching should be done in anticipation of physical exercise. It is the act of applying tensile force to muscles in the attempt to lubricate and lengthen them.
  • Several machines and props have been popularized and used in the home as part of a "home gym" as part of an aerobic, anaerobic, isometric or stretching exercise routine. Experts recommend trying all exercise equipment before making a purchase. Machines vary greatly in price based on the features that they offer. It is also stressed that individuals take their workout habits into consideration as well as the space available before making any purchases.
  • Elliptical machines are a slight variation from cross-country machines that were made popular in the 1980s. These machines are available for residential or fitness club use. These machines feature a low impact elliptical motion, which is also used in elliptical cross training, allowing a user to move through an exercise in a smooth, fluid manner. Some manufacturers claim that the machines offer a total body workout in 20 to 30 minutes. These machines are appropriate for all fitness levels and maximize the time spent exercising while minimizing the wear and tear on joints. As a break from the standard treadmill, ellipticals may add variety and keep an individual motivated. Machines offer the ability to burn up to 720 calories an hour. This number will however vary based upon body mass and workout intensity.
  • Medicine balls, also referred to as exercise balls, med balls or fitness balls, are weighted balls roughly the size of volleyballs. Medicine balls usually come in 8, 10 and 12 pound weights. They are normally used for strengthening the abdominal muscles or to increase the explosive power (pylometric exercise) of basketball and baseball players.
  • Stairmasters®, or stair climbing machines, simulate the motion of walking up stairs. They offer a cardiovascular workout while shaping the muscles of the upper legs and buttocks.
  • Stationary bikes allow the user to simulate the riding of a bicycle indoors without actually moving any distance. The machine offers a great cardiovascular workout.
  • Swiss ball: A Swiss ball is a ball made of elastic rubber that is used for physical therapy and exercise. It is also known as an exercise ball, a gym ball, a sports ball, fitness ball, therapy ball, yoga ball or body ball. Compared to exercising on a flat surface, the body responds by engaging many more muscles and maintains balance when exercising with a Swiss ball. Swiss balls can help develop control and strength of core body muscles, increase lower back mobility, strengthen the abdominal and back muscles, as well as improve overall balance and stability.
  • Thighmaster®: The Thighmaster® was introduced to Americans in the 1990s by actress Suzanne Somers. A Thighmaster® is made from two pieces of bent metal tubing connected by a hinge. The device is placed between the thighs and squeezed to contract the thigh muscles.
  • Treadmills are indoor exercise machines that allow for indoor running without moving any distance. The treadmill is based on a belt system that moves over the top of the machine and allows the runner to move an equal distance. Runners can vary their gradient as well as their speed.

Theory / Evidence
  • Physical exercise offers a variety of benefits to its participants. Frequent and regular exercise can reduce risk factors for diseases such as cancer, heart disease, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and obesity.
  • Exercise also helps with brain function by increasing the amount of blood and oxygen being supplied to the brain and releasing the release of chemicals in the brain that aid in cognition.

Safety




Author information
  • This information has been edited and peer-reviewed by contributors to the Natural Standard Research Collaboration (www.naturalstandard.com).

Bibliography
  1. Consumer Reports. 11 May 2006.

Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

62 Marshall St
Rochester, NY 14607
585-454-2667
585-454-0343 (fax)
Email Our Store
Driving Directions

  STORE HOURS
 Mon8:00am-8:00pm
 Tue8:00am-8:00pm
 Wed8:00am-8:00pm
 Thu8:00am-8:00pm
 Fri8:00am-8:00pm
 Sat9:00am-7:00pm
 Sun10:00am-7:00pm
 

Co-op Connections

Get special deals on Twitter!

Join our Facebook community!

Email newsletter sign up

Download The Rutabaga Rap

Newsletter Archive
Click here>>

About Our Co-op

Current Job Openings
See current openings>>

Top 10 Reasons for Shopping
Learn more>>

Why become an owner?
Learn why>>

Owner Application
Download (pdf)>>

All About Co-ops
Learn more>>

Our Board of Directors
Learn more>>

Global Ends Policy
Learn more>>

By Laws
Learn more>>

Advertise in Our Newsletter
Learn more>>

Job Application
Download (pdf)>>

Discover your local co-op!